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Advice about the Canine Flu?

This topic contains 3 replies, has 1 voice, and was last updated by  Dr. Jeff Feinman 13 years, 5 months ago.

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  • #2336

    Anonymous

    Any advice about the Canine Flu, aka H3N8 virus? Appears to be spreading in many states and there is a lot of ‘talk’ going on.

    Been in horses for MANY years (appx 40), in dogs for a short amount of time and cases are currently increasing and spreading to new states. Oregon was just added to a list of effected states within the past few days.

    Anyone offer information distinguishing Fact from Fiction/Rumor?

    Thnak you,
    Eric

    #2337

    Dr. Jeff Feinman
    Keymaster

    [quote=ELDogStar]Any advice about the Canine Flu,

    Anyone offer information distinguishing Fact from Fiction/Rumor?[/quote]

    Hi Eric-

    As with any infectious or chronic disease, the BEST defense is a strong immune system. This is achieved through optimal diet, exercise/fresh air, minimal vaccinations/drugs and Homeopathy.

    Here is a quote that aptly sums up the info about this “new” disease:

    “The important thing is that people not panic over this. Canine flu is a new disease, so there is a lot we don’t know about it, but the mortality rate is very low, and many dogs don’t even get sick from it. It made a huge splash in the press because the molecular genetics part of the story established such a clear cross-species transmission of an influenza virus-not because it is a new, deadly disease of dogs. The virulence of this virus has been greatly exaggerated by some.”
    -Dr. Tom Graves, University of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine

    The full article is at:
    [url]http://www.cvm.uiuc.edu/petcolumns/showarticle.cfm?id=475[/url]

    #2344

    Anonymous

    For those of you keeping track, I saw a quick blurb on the news this
    morning that the new dog flu has been found in CT. It is in West
    Hartford, I believe at a shelter, but I’m not 100% sure about that.

    Eric

    #2430

    Dr. Jeff Feinman
    Keymaster

    22 November 2005
    Emerging canine influenza

    An emerging canine respiratory tract disease, known as canine influenza or canine flu, was found in dogs in shelters, boarding facilities, and veterinary clinics in several areas of Florida, including the southwest counties of Broward, Miami-Dade, and Palm Beach, and in the northeast county of Duval. Cases have also been confirmed in New York and in a dog that resided in Massachusetts. The disease caused by the highly contagious virus can mimic signs of kennel cough. All dogs, regardless of breed or age, are susceptible to infection and do not have naturally acquired or vaccine-induced immunity, according to the University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine. The virus can spread by aerosolized respiratory secretions, contaminated inanimate objects, and by people moving between infected and uninfected dogs.

    While most dogs that become infected experience a mild form of influenza, some develop a more acute disease with clinical signs of pneumonia. Among the latter group, the fatality rate is 1 percent to 5 percent, the University of Florida reported. “… Despite the rumors that are out on the Internet and other such sources, this disease is not as deadly as people want to make it,” said Dr. Cynda Crawford, a veterinary immunologist at the University of Florida. “Only a minority of dogs, a small number of dogs, experience complications such as pneumonia.” Dr. Crawford was among the group of researchers who identified the virus. The group included staff from the Auburn University College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine, national Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Texas A&M University College of Veterinary Medicine, and the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Veterinary Medicine. A full report on the group’s findings, titled “Transmission of equine influenza virus to dogs,” was posted online in the Sept. 26 issue of Science Express Reports, a part of Science magazine.

    In April 2004, a group of researchers at the University of Florida reported that preliminary findings suggested equine influenza virus had jumped the species barrier to dogs and caused a respiratory tract disease outbreak, killing eight Greyhounds in January 2004 at a track in Jacksonville, Fla. At the time, the researchers said there was no evidence to suggest the findings extended beyond the particular group of dogs or that it posed a substantial threat to people or their pets. “… Initially the virus was identified in Greyhounds, and there was some speculation that the virus was exclusively causing disease in Greyhounds,” said Dr. Ruben O. Donis, chief of molecular genetics for the influenza branch at the CDC, who was part of the group of researchers.

    The group later determined in April to May 2005 that the virus also infected pet dogs when they isolated it from samples sent for diagnostic testing by shelters, boarding facilities, and veterinary clinics, Dr. Crawford said. “I also want to emphasize that we don’t have all the answers to the questions just yet, and we are working diligently on defining this disease syndrome in the dog population, so we have a few numbers to work with, and we are accumulating more data very rapidly on a daily basis,” Dr. Crawford said. She also noted that a vaccine for the disease has been in the works for the past few months.

    Meanwhile, veterinarians should take precautions when they are told that a client has made an appointment for a dog to be seen because it’s coughing. “They may want to not have that dog come in through the waiting room and mix with everyone else’s dogs,” Dr. Crawford said. To help researchers better define the clinical signs and risk factors associated with virus infection, veterinarians are encouraged to submit serum samples for canine influenza antibody tests to the Animal Health Diagnostic Center at Cornell University. The samples will also help improve surveillance of the virus in the United States and Canada. For information on sample collecting and shipping, log on to Cornell’s Web site at [url]www.diaglab.vet.cornell.edu[/url], click on “Emerging Issues,” then click on “Canine Influenza Virus.”

    JAVMA
    November 22, 2005

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